Intended Parent Questions

What is the difference between a gestational surrogate and a traditional surrogate?

A gestational surrogate is a woman who carries a child conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) using the egg of the intended parent or of an egg donor, and the sperm of the intended parent or a sperm donor. A gestational surrogate has no biological connection to the child.  A traditional surrogate is a woman who carries a child using her own egg and is the genetic and biological mother of the child. 

Although we feel that traditional surrogacy is the right arrangement for some intended parents, because it raises complex issues in establishing parenthood, Roots limits its process to gestational surrogacy.  

How long does the surrogacy process take?

The length of the surrogacy process varies and is dependent on several factors including, but not limited to, your surrogacy plans and goals and the number of cycles required to achieve a pregnancy. Intended parents should plan on approximately a year and a half from the time they sign on with an agency until they have a child.

Why should I/we work with an agency during my surrogacy journey? 

The agency works as a liaison between the intended parents, the surrogate, the medical professionals, and the legal professionals to help facilitate your surrogacy journey. 

The agency will address financial arrangements and expectations between you and your surrogate and, most importantly, match you with your surrogate based on the relationship you want with your surrogate as well as the needs and wants of both parties.  The agency will maintain transparency and open communication throughout the process so that the parties can have a comfortable relationship.

After finding the right match, the agency also assists in coordinating all aspects of your surrogacy journey including, but not limited to, psychological screening and medical clearance; the embryo transfer and medical procedures; insurance options for the surrogacy process; counseling support services; and referrals to other necessary professionals.   

Working with an agency reduces the risk of complications, and offers additional protection to both the surrogate and the intended parents.  It helps to ensure that the surrogate receives fair compensation, ongoing psychological support, and treatment.  It also offers the intended parents the comfort of knowing that their surrogate has been through many screening processes to ensure that she is a top quality candidate with their best interests at heart.

The agency is an invaluable trusted consultant and advisor throughout the entire surrogacy journey. 

Can I/we work with a surrogate I/we already know?

Yes. If you know someone who is willing to carry a surrogate pregnancy for you, you can work with that surrogate.  However, the surrogate will still be required to go through the agency process and screening requirements. 

How much contact will I/we have with our surrogate?

The amount and type of contact you will have with your surrogate depends upon the surrogacy plan and agreement you enter into with your surrogate.  You can have as much or as little contact as you and the surrogate are comfortable with. 

How much does surrogacy cost?

Surrogacy costs can vary significantly based on a number of factors. Generally, intended parents are responsible for the following costs: Agency fees; legal fees; medical expenses; health insurance; surrogate compensation and reimbursement. The cost of most surrogacy arrangements range from $85,000 to $150,000 but may vary even further depending on each given scenario.

What are the legal requirements of surrogacy?

Every surrogacy arrangement will include a legal contract. You and your surrogate will each have your own attorney who will contribute to the contract drafting process and ensure your legal interests are represented and your rights are protected. The legal contract will outline everyone’s rights and responsibilities throughout the process.

After the first trimester, your attorney may also work to prepare and finalize a pre-birth order and establish you as the legal parent of your child.


Have more questions? Contact us!